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Title: Mechanism-based strain gradient plasticity in C0 axisymmetric element
Authors: Swaddiwudhipong, S. 
Tho, K.K. 
Hua, J. 
Liu, Z.S.
Keywords: C0 axisymmetric element
Constitutive relation
Material length scale
Power law strain hardening
Simulated indentation test
Strain gradient effect
Issue Date: Mar-2006
Citation: Swaddiwudhipong, S., Tho, K.K., Hua, J., Liu, Z.S. (2006-03). Mechanism-based strain gradient plasticity in C0 axisymmetric element. International Journal of Solids and Structures 43 (5) : 1117-1130. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Non-uniform plastic deformation of materials exhibits a strong size dependence when the material and deformation length scales are of the same order at micro- and nano-metre levels. Recent progresses in testing equipment and computational facilities enhancing further the study on material characterization at these levels confirmed the size effect phenomenon. It has been shown that at this length scale, the material constitutive condition involves not only the state of strain but also the strain gradient plasticity. In this study, C0 axisymmetric element incorporating the mechanism-based strain gradient plasticity is developed. Classical continuum plasticity approach taking into consideration Taylor dislocation model is adopted. As the length scale and strain gradient affect only the constitutive relation, it is unnecessary to introduce either additional model variables or higher order stress components. This results in the ease and convenience in the implementation. Additional computational efforts and resources required of the proposed approach as compared with conventional finite element analyses are minimal. Numerical results on indentation tests at micron and submicron levels confirm the necessity of including the mechanism-based strain gradient plasticity with appropriate inherent material length scale. It is also interesting to note that the material is hardened under Berkovich compared to conical indenters when plastic strain gradient is considered but softened otherwise. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Solids and Structures
ISSN: 00207683
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2005.05.026
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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