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Title: Anisotropic thermal expansion of stoichiometric lithium niobate crystals grown along the normal direction of facets
Authors: Xu, X.
Chong, T.-C. 
Solanki, S.
Liang, X.
Yuan, S.
Keywords: Anisotropic thermal expansion
Photorefractive material
Stoichiometric lithium niobate
Top-seeded solution growth
Issue Date: Sep-2004
Citation: Xu, X., Chong, T.-C., Solanki, S., Liang, X., Yuan, S. (2004-09). Anisotropic thermal expansion of stoichiometric lithium niobate crystals grown along the normal direction of facets. Optical Materials 26 (4) : 489-494. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, a stoichiometric lithium niobate (SLN) crystal with the size up to 20×20×18 mm3 was grown along the normal direction of the (012) facet from the 16 mol% K2O fluxed melt by the top-seeded solution growth method. The anisotropic thermal expansion of the SLN crystal and congruent lithium niobate (CLN) crystal was measured along different directions by using a Shimadzu thermomechanical analyzer. As compared with CLN, the SLN crystal exhibited slightly larger thermal expansion along the Z-axis and slightly smaller expansion along the X-axis. Both the SLN and CLN crystals showed strong anisotropy in the thermal expansion. The thermal expansion coefficient of SLN along the X-axis (∼16.7×10-6 °C -1 at 300 °C) is much larger than that along the Z-axis (∼2.5×10-6 °C-1 at 300 °C). Based on the experimental data and polynomial fitting results, we calculated the thermal expansion coefficients for different directions. In the case of growing the SLN crystal along the normal direction of (012) facet, we studied the radial anisotropic thermal expansion and discussed the cracking problem of the crystal according to its actual growth morphology. It is found that the cracks of SLN can be suppressed by growing the crystal along the W-axis due to its reduced radial anisotropy in the thermal expansion. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Optical Materials
ISSN: 09253467
DOI: 10.1016/j.optmat.2003.12.027
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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