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Title: The growth mechanism and field-emission properties of single carbon nanotips
Authors: Yeong, K.S.
Boothroyd, C.B.
Thong, J.T.L. 
Issue Date: 14-Aug-2006
Citation: Yeong, K.S., Boothroyd, C.B., Thong, J.T.L. (2006-08-14). The growth mechanism and field-emission properties of single carbon nanotips. Nanotechnology 17 (15) : 3655-3661. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We study the self-aligned growth of a single carbon nanotip on a sharp metal tip via the field-emission-induced growth method. Under typical growth conditions, a micron long nanotip can be formed in around 10s by field emission in the presence of acetylene gas at ∼10-2mbar. The tip radius of the carbon nanotip can be as small as 5nm, while its length is determined by the growth duration. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis in a transmission electron microscope revealed that the carbon nanotip is amorphous carbon with predominant sp2 bonding. The growth mechanism of the carbon nanotip is discussed to explain the formation of the nanotip and its carbon matrix. Field-emission measurements showed that emission from the carbon nanotip follows the Fowler-Nordheim equation, suggesting that the tip shows metallic behaviour as far as field emission is concerned. A high emission current stress cycle is found to improve the emission current stability significantly. © IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 09574484
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/17/15/006
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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