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Title: The effect of light soaking on crystalline silicon surface passivation by atomic layer deposited Al2O3
Authors: Liao, B.
Stangl, R.
Mueller, T.
Lin, F. 
Bhatia, C.S. 
Hoex, B. 
Issue Date: 14-Jan-2013
Citation: Liao, B., Stangl, R., Mueller, T., Lin, F., Bhatia, C.S., Hoex, B. (2013-01-14). The effect of light soaking on crystalline silicon surface passivation by atomic layer deposited Al2O3. Journal of Applied Physics 113 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effect of light soaking of crystalline silicon wafer lifetime samples surface passivated by thermal atomic layer deposited (ALD) Al2O 3 is investigated in this paper. Contrary to other passivation materials used in solar cell applications (i.e., SiO2, SiN x), using thermal ALD Al2O3, an increase in effective carrier lifetime after light soaking under standard testing conditions is observed for both p-type (∼45%) and n-type (∼60%) FZ c-Si lifetime samples. After light soaking and storing the samples in a dark and dry environment, the effective lifetime decreases again and practically returns to the value before light soaking. The rate of lifetime decrease after light soaking is significantly slower than the rate of lifetime increase by light soaking. To investigate the underlying mechanism, corona charge experiments are carried out on p-type c-Si samples before and after light soaking. The results indicate that the negative fixed charge density Qf present in the Al2O3 films increases due to the light soaking, which results in an improved field-effect passivation. Numerical calculations also confirm that the improved field-effect passivation is the main contributor for the increased effective lifetime after light soaking. To further understand the light soaking phenomenon, a kinetic model - a charge trapping/de-trapping model - is proposed to explain the time dependent behavior of the lifetime increase/decrease observed under/after light soaking. The trap model fits the experimental results very well. The observed light enhanced passivation for ALD Al2O3 passivated c-Si is of technological relevance, because solar cell devices operate under illumination, thus an increase in solar cell efficiency due to light soaking can be expected. © 2013 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.4775595
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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