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Title: Structured H∞ command and control-loop design for unmanned helicopters
Authors: Gadewadikar, J.
Lewis, F.L.
Subbarao, K.
Chen, B.M. 
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Citation: Gadewadikar, J., Lewis, F.L., Subbarao, K., Chen, B.M. (2008-07). Structured H∞ command and control-loop design for unmanned helicopters. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics 31 (4) : 1093-1102. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present rigorous and efficient methods for designing flight controllers for unmanned helicopters that have guaranteed performance, intuitive appeal for the flight control engineer, and prescribed multivariable loop structures. Helicopter dynamics do not decouple as they do for the fixed-wing aircraft case, and so the design of helicopter flight controllers with a desirable and intuitive structure is not straightforward. We use an H∞ output-feedback design procedure that is simplified in the sense that rigorous controller designs are obtained by solving only two coupled-matrix design equations. An efficient algorithm is given for solving these that does not require initial stabilizing gains. An output-feedback approach is given that allows one to selectively close prescribed multivariable feedback loops using a reduced set of the states at each step. At each step, shaping filters may be added that improve performance and yield guaranteed robustness and speed of response. The net result yields an H∞ design with a control structure that has been historically accepted in the flight control community. As an example, a design for stationkeeping and hover of an unmanned helicopter is presented. The result is a stationkeeping hover controller with robust performance in the presence of disturbances (including wind gusts), excellent decoupling, and good speed of response. Copyright © 2007 by Jyotirmay Gadewadikar. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics
ISSN: 07315090
DOI: 10.2514/1.31377
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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