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Title: Jettable fluid space and jetting characteristics of a microprint head
Authors: Wong, L.-Y. 
Lim, G.-H.
Ye, T.
Shanjeera Silva, F.B.
Zhuo, J.-M. 
Png, R.-Q. 
Chua, S.-J. 
Ho, P.K.H. 
Keywords: drops
drops and bubbles
materials processing flows
Issue Date: 25-Dec-2012
Citation: Wong, L.-Y., Lim, G.-H., Ye, T., Shanjeera Silva, F.B., Zhuo, J.-M., Png, R.-Q., Chua, S.-J., Ho, P.K.H. (2012-12-25). Jettable fluid space and jetting characteristics of a microprint head. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 713 : 109-122. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The influence of fluid droplet properties on the droplet-on-demand jetting of a Newtonian model fluid (water-isopropanol-ethylene glycol ternary system) has been studied. The composition of the fluid was adjusted to investigate how the Ohnesorge number (Oh) influences droplet formation (morphology and speed) by a microfabricated short-channel shear-mode piezoelectric transducer. The fluid space for satellite-free single droplet formation was indeed found to be bound by upper and lower Oh limits, but these shift approximately linearly with the piezo pulse voltage amplitude Vo, which has a stronger influence on jetting characteristics than pulse length. Therefore the jettable fluid space can be depicted on a VoOh diagram. Satellite-free droplets of the model fluid can be jetted over a wide Oh range, at least 0.025 to 0.5 (corresponding to Z=Oh-1 of 40 to 2), by adjusting Vo appropriately. Air drag was found to dominate droplet flight, as may be expected. This can be accurately modelled to yield droplet formation time, which turned out to be 20 30μs under a wide range of jetting conditions. The corresponding initial droplet speed was found to vary linearly with V o, with a fluid-dependent threshold but a fluid-independent slope, and a minimum speed of about 2s-1. This suggests the existence of iso-velocity lines that run substantially parallel to the lower jetting boundary in the VoOh diagram. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.
Source Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
ISSN: 00221120
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.440
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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