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Title: Theory of surface photovoltage in a semiconductor with deep impurities
Authors: Choo, S.C. 
Tan, L.S. 
See, H.H.
Issue Date: Jul-1993
Citation: Choo, S.C.,Tan, L.S.,See, H.H. (1993-07). Theory of surface photovoltage in a semiconductor with deep impurities. Solid State Electronics 36 (7) : 989-999. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A recent theory of the surface photovoltage is extended to a semiconductor with deep impurities, whose concentration NT ≤ 0.1|N1|, where N1 is the net concentration of shallow impurities. Numerical solutions, which have been obtained for both n-type and p-type Si with gold as an example of a deep impurity, are used to guide the development of the theory. By approximating the gold acceptor and donor levels as two independent levels, expressions are derived for the relationships between the surface photovoltage and the splitting of the quasi-Fermi potentials νSC in the surface space charge region, and between νSC and the photon flux density in terms of recombination in the space charge region and at surface states, as well as carrier diffusion in the bulk. From these expressions, a complete theory is built up which is capable of predicting the photon flux density required to yield a specified photovoltage for a given wavelength of light. The theory is shown to agree well with the numerical solutions. In particular, it explains the unexpectedly large surface photovoltage observed from the numerical solutions for n-type gold-doped Si with NT = 0.1|N1|. As an application of the theory, it is shown that Goodman's surface photovoltage method will yield the appropriate minority carrier diffusion lengths in the bulk regions of n-type and p-type gold-doped Si material. © 1993.
Source Title: Solid State Electronics
ISSN: 00381101
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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