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Title: Chemical reactions in liquid-phase microextraction
Authors: Xu, L.
Basheer, C. 
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Catalysis
Chemical reactions
Hollow fibers
Ion pairing
Liquid-phase microextraction
Issue Date: 23-Jan-2009
Citation: Xu, L., Basheer, C., Lee, H.K. (2009-01-23). Chemical reactions in liquid-phase microextraction. Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (4) : 701-707. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In recent years, liquid-phase microextraction (LPME), a microscale implementation of liquid-liquid extraction, has become a very popular sample pretreatment technique because it combines extraction and enrichment, and is inexpensive, easy to operate and nearly solvent-free. Especially so in hollow fiber-protected LPME, sample cleanup is also effected. Essentially, owing to its high sample-to-extracting solvent volume ratio, LPME can achieve high analyte enrichment. Since its advent, the technique has been widely used, and applied to environmental, pharmaceutical, biological and forensic analyses. This review focuses on developments relating to chemical reactions associated with LPME applications, in contrast to conventional, straightforward extractions in which analytes remain as they are during the extraction process. Chemical reactions brought about during LPME serve to promote the extractability of the analytes (thus expanding the scope of applicability of the technique), facilitate their (analyte) compatibility with the analytical system and/or improve detection sensitivity. The reactions that are usually enabled during LPME include ion-pair extraction (carrier-mediated membrane transport), complexation, chemical (pre-extraction, in situ, and post-extraction) derivatization, phase-transfer catalysis and other "special affinity" reactions. Strategies on chemical reactions in LPME are overviewed in this report. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.005
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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