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Title: Volatile sulphur compounds and pathways of L-methionine catabolism in Williopsis yeasts
Authors: Tan, A.W.J.
Lee, P.-R.
Seow, Y.-X.
Ong, P.K.C.
Liu, S.-Q. 
Keywords: Fermentation
Williopsis saturnus
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Citation: Tan, A.W.J., Lee, P.-R., Seow, Y.-X., Ong, P.K.C., Liu, S.-Q. (2012-08). Volatile sulphur compounds and pathways of L-methionine catabolism in Williopsis yeasts. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 95 (4) : 1011-1020. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs) are important to the food industry due to their high potency and presence in many foods. This study assessed for the first time VSC production and pathways of L-methionine catabolism in yeasts from the genus Williopsis with a view to understanding VSC formation and their potential flavour impact. Five strains of Williopsis saturnus (var. saturnus, var. subsufficiens, var. suavolens, var. sargentensis and var. mrakii) were screened for VSC production in a synthetic medium supplemented with L-methionine. A diverse range of VSCs were produced including dimethyl disulphide, dimethyl trisulphide, 3-(methylthio)-1-propanal (methional), 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol (methionol), 3-(methylthio)- 1-propene, 3-(methylthio)-1-propyl acetate, 3- (methylthio)-1-propanoic acid (methionic acid) and ethyl 3-(methylthio)-1-propanoate, though the production of these VSCs varied between yeast strains. W. saturnus var. saturnus NCYC22 was selected for further studies due to its relatively high VSC production. VSC production was characterised step-wise with yeast strain NCYC22 in coconut cream at different L-methionine concentrations (0.00- 0.20%) and under various inorganic sulphate (0.00-0.20%) and nitrogen (ammonia) supplementation (0.00-0.20%), respectively. Optimal VSC production was obtained with 0.1% of L-methionine, while supplementation of sulphate had no significant effect. Nitrogen supplementation showed a dramatic inhibitory effect on VSC production. Based on the production of VSCs, the study suggests that the Ehrlich pathway of L-methionine catabolism is operative in W. saturnus yeasts and can be manipulated by adjusting certain nutrient parameters to control VSC production. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
Source Title: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN: 01757598
DOI: 10.1007/s00253-012-3963-x
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