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Title: Starch Hydrolase Inhibitors from Edible Plants
Authors: Wang, H.
Liu, T.
Huang, D. 
Keywords: α-Amylase
Low glycemic index
Natural plants
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Wang, H.,Liu, T.,Huang, D. (2013). Starch Hydrolase Inhibitors from Edible Plants. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research 70 : 103-136. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease with gradual deterioration in glucose metabolism, which causes multiple systemic complications. Postprandial hyperglycemia is a concern in the management of type 2 diabetes. Of all the available antidiabetic therapeutic methods, inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase is postulated to be a preventive treatment. Many natural products and herbal medicines have been recommended as being beneficial for mitigation of postprandial hyperglycemia. In this review, recent discoveries of α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitors from edible plants are described along with their chemical structures. Their inhibition mechanisms, the type of each glucosidase and amylase, and measurement methods for the inhibitory activity are also given. Finally, recent progress on low glycemic index foods incorporated with plants containing starch hydrolase inhibitors is summarized. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN: 10434526
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-416555-7.00003-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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