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Title: Purification, characterization, and in vitro mineralization studies of a novel goose eggshell matrix protein, ansocalcin
Authors: Lakshminarayanan, R. 
Valiyaveettil, S. 
Rao, V.S.
Kini, R.M. 
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2003
Citation: Lakshminarayanan, R., Valiyaveettil, S., Rao, V.S., Kini, R.M. (2003-01-31). Purification, characterization, and in vitro mineralization studies of a novel goose eggshell matrix protein, ansocalcin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (5) : 2928-2936. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Biomineralization is an important process in which hard tissues are generated through mineral deposition, often assisted by biomacromolecules. Eggshells, because of their rapid formation via mineralization, are chosen as a model for understanding the fundamentals of biomineralization. This report discusses purification and characterization of various proteins and peptides from goose eggshell matrix. A novel 15-kDa protein (ansocalcin) was extracted from the eggshell matrix, purified, and identified and its role in mineralization evaluated using in vitro crystal growth experiments. The complete amino acid sequence of ansocalcin showed high homology to ovocleidin-17, a chicken eggshell protein, and to C-type lectins from snake venom. The amino acid sequence of ansocalcin was characterized by the presence of acidic and basic amino acid multiplets. In vitro crystallization experiments showed that ansocalcin induced pits on the rhombohedral faces at lower concentrations (<50 μg/ml). At higher concentrations, the nucleation of calcite crystal aggregates was observed. Molecular weight determinations by size exclusion chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate -polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed reversible concentration-dependent aggregation of ansocalcin in solution. We propose that such aggregated structures may act as a template for the nucleation of calcite crystal aggregates. Similar aggregation of calcite crystals was also observed when crystallizations were performed in the presence of whole goose eggshell extract. These results show that ansocalcin plays a significant role in goose eggshell calcification.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M201518200
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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