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Title: Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction of nitrophenols with a hollow fiber membrane prior to capillary liquid chromatography
Authors: Zhu, L.
Zhu, L. 
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Environmental analysis
Extraction methods
Hollow-fiber membranes
Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction
Water analysis
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2001
Citation: Zhu, L., Zhu, L., Lee, H.K. (2001-07-27). Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction of nitrophenols with a hollow fiber membrane prior to capillary liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 924 (1-2) : 407-414. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A simple liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction device utilizing a 2 cm×0.6 mm I.D. hollow fiber membrane was used to preconcentrate nitrophenols from water sample prior to capillary liquid chromatography (cLC) analysis. The extraction procedure was induced by the pH difference inside and outside the hollow fiber. The donor phase outside the hollow fiber was adjusted to pH∼1 with HCl; the acceptor phase was NaOH solution used at various concentrations. Organic solvent was immobilized into the pores of the hollow fiber. With stirring, the neutral nitrophenols outside the fiber were extracted into the organic solvent, then back extracted into 2 μl of basic acceptor solution inside the fiber. The acceptor phase was then withdrawn into a microsyringe and injected into the cLC system directly. This technique used a low-cost disposable extraction "device" and is very convenient to operate. Up to 380-fold enrichment of analytes could be achieved. This procedure could also serve as a sample clean-up step because large molecules and basic compounds were not extracted into the acceptor phase. The RSD (n=6) was less than 6.2%, while the linear calibration range was from 1 to 200 μg/ml with r>0.998. The procedure was applied to the analysis of seawater. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00906-2
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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