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Title: In vitro study of magnesium-calcite biomineralization in the skeletal materials of the seastar Pisaster giganteus
Authors: Gayathri, S.
Lakshminarayanan, R. 
Weaver, J.C.
Morse, D.E.
Manjunatha Kini, R. 
Valiyaveettil, S. 
Keywords: Biomineralization crystal growth
Magnesium calcite
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Gayathri, S., Lakshminarayanan, R., Weaver, J.C., Morse, D.E., Manjunatha Kini, R., Valiyaveettil, S. (2007). In vitro study of magnesium-calcite biomineralization in the skeletal materials of the seastar Pisaster giganteus. Chemistry - A European Journal 13 (11) : 3262-3268. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The mechanisms of formation of biogenic magnesium-rich calcite remain an enigma. Here we present ultrastructural and compositional details of ossicles from the seastar Pisaster giganteus (Echinodermata, Asteroidea). Powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and elemental analyses confirm that the ossicles are composed of magnesium-rich calcite, whilst also containing about 0.01 % (w/w) of soluble organic matrix (SOM) as an intracrystalline component. Amino acid analysis and N-terminal sequencing revealed that this mixture of intracrystalline macromolecules consists predominantly of glycine-rich polypeptides. In vitro calcium carbonate precipitation experiments indicate that the SOM accelerates the conversion of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) into its final crystalline product. From this observation and from the discovery of ACC in other closely related taxa, it is suggested that substitution of magnesium into the calcite lattice through a transient precursor phase may be a universal phenomenon prevalent across the phylum echinodermata. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Source Title: Chemistry - A European Journal
ISSN: 09476539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.200600825
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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