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Title: Enhanced asymmetric reduction of ethyl 3-oxobutyrate by baker's yeast via substrate feeding and enzyme inhibition
Authors: Fow, K.-L.
Poon, L.C.H.
Sim, S.T.
Chuah, G.K. 
Jaenicke, S. 
Keywords: (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate
Asymmetric synthesis
Baker's yeast
Enzyme inhibitor
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Citation: Fow, K.-L., Poon, L.C.H., Sim, S.T., Chuah, G.K., Jaenicke, S. (2008-08). Enhanced asymmetric reduction of ethyl 3-oxobutyrate by baker's yeast via substrate feeding and enzyme inhibition. Engineering in Life Sciences 8 (4) : 372-380. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The moderate enantioselectivity of wild form baker's yeast can be considerably increased either by using continuous feeding to maintain a low substrate concentration throughout the reaction, or by the selective inhibition of competing enzymatic pathways. The reduction of ethyl 3-oxobutyrate to ethyl (S)-3-hydroxy-butyrate was used as a model reaction. With the substrate feeding method, the enantioselectivity could be increased from 75% to as high as 98%. The increased selectivity originates from the much higher substrate binding constant of the (R)-specific enzymes, so that these enzymes remain essentially inactive if a low concentration of ethyl 3-oxobutyrate is maintained in the bioreactor. Alternatively, the enantioselectivity of baker's yeast can be improved by selectively blocking competing enzymatic pathways. It was found that vinyl acetate is a selective inhibitor for the (R)-specific enzymes. Ethyl (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate with an enantiomeric excess of 98% was obtained by pre-incubation of baker's yeast in 100 mM of vinyl acetate solution for 1 h. These results suggest that by selecting appropriate process conditions, natural baker's yeast can be a competitive biocatalyst for the large-scale production of chiral secondary alcohols. © 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Engineering in Life Sciences
ISSN: 16180240
DOI: 10.1002/elsc.200700052
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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