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Title: Auto-catalyzed poly(ortho ester) microspheres: A study of their erosion and drug release mechanism
Authors: Chia, H.-H.
Yang, Y.-Y. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Ng, S.
Heller, J.
Keywords: Bovine serum albumin
Poly(ortho esters)
Release profile
Surface erosion
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2001
Citation: Chia, H.-H., Yang, Y.-Y., Chung, T.-S., Ng, S., Heller, J. (2001-07-10). Auto-catalyzed poly(ortho ester) microspheres: A study of their erosion and drug release mechanism. Journal of Controlled Release 75 (1-2) : 11-25. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A study has been carried out to investigate the degradation and protein release mechanisms of BSA-loaded microspheres made with auto-catalyzed poly(ortho esters) (POEs) of varying diol composition and molecular weights. Due to the instability of the POE/dichloromethane primary emulsion, microspheres made using the W/O/W double emulsion solvent extraction/evaporation method showed a multivesicular internal structure. An O/W single emulsion process yielded dense POE microspheres. Using electron scanning microscopy, the microspheres were observed to erode throughout their matrices with increasing internal pore sizes and a steady loss of mass. However, despite a substantial weight loss of almost 80% after an in vitro period of 129 days, the molecular weight of the polymer remained relatively unchanged with loss averaging about 18 and 32% for low- and high-molecular-weight POEs, respectively. Such constancy in molecular weight was similarly reflected in the glass transition temperature of the degrading microspheres. The differences in both the molecular weight loss and polydispersity index changes depended largely on the molecular weight of the polymer. For protein release of POE microspheres, an induction period followed by BSA release for a period of 3 to 10 days was observed. The lag time depended on the hydrophilicity and the molecular weight of the polymer as well as the morphology of the microspheres. Protein release was incomplete, possibly due to the slow degradation of the POE polymers, protein aggregation and protein degradation. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Controlled Release
ISSN: 01683659
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-3659(01)00362-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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