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Title: Using frequency response function and wave propagation for locating damage in plates
Authors: Quek, S.-T. 
Tua, P.-S.
Keywords: Fast-Fourier transform (FFT)
Frequency response function (FRF)
Identify damage regions
Mode shape
Issue Date: May-2008
Citation: Quek, S.-T.,Tua, P.-S. (2008-05). Using frequency response function and wave propagation for locating damage in plates. Smart Structures and Systems 4 (3) : 343-365. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this study, the frequency domain method which utilizes the evaluation of changes in the structural mode shape is adopted to identify regions which contain localized damages. Frequency response function (FRF) values corresponding to the modal frequency, analogous to the mode shape coefficients, are used since change in natural frequency of the system is usually insignificant for localized damage. This method requires only few sensors to obtain the dynamic response of the structure at specific locations to determine the FRF via fast-Fourier transform (FFT). Numerical examples of an aluminum plate, which includes damages of varying severity, locations and combinations of multiple locations, are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the method. An experimental verification of the method is also done using an aluminum plate with two different degrees of damage, namely a half-through notch and a through notch. The inconsistency in attaining the FRF values for practical applications due to varying impact load may be overcome via statistical averaging, although large variations in the loading in terms of the contact duration should still be avoided. Nonetheless, this method needs special attention when the damages induce notable changes in the modal frequency, such as when the damages are of high severity or cover more extensive area or near the boundary where the support condition is modified. This is largely due to the significant decrease in the frequency term compared to the increase in the vibration amplitude. For practical reasons such as the use of limited number of sensors and to facilitate automation, extending the resolution of this method of identification may not be efficient. Hence, methods based on wave propagation can be employed as a complement on the isolated region to provide an accurate localization as well as to trace the geometry of the damage.
Source Title: Smart Structures and Systems
ISSN: 17381584
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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