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Title: Theoretical and experimental studies on rectangular liquid dampers under arbitrary excitations
Authors: Koh, C.G. 
Mahatma, S.
Wang, C.M. 
Issue Date: Jan-1994
Citation: Koh, C.G.,Mahatma, S.,Wang, C.M. (1994-01). Theoretical and experimental studies on rectangular liquid dampers under arbitrary excitations. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics 23 (1) : 17-31. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents a study on the behavior of rectangular liquid dampers under a horizontal excitation of arbitrary time history. The theoretical model to predict motion of a shallow liquid in a rectangular tank is adapted from a previous researchers' model which was developed for sinusoidal excitations. The model includes an energy dissipation term arising from liquid viscosity. In the present consideration of arbitrary excitations, the energy dissipation term is derived in a straightforward way, without resorting to the equivalent linearization method or assumption of harmonic response as used by earlier researchers. The up-crossing rate of wave height is used in furnishing the Reynolds number required for the evaluation of shear stress in the boundary layer. Since there was no known precedent study involving arbitrary excitations, experiments have been performed accordingly to verify the model. Generally, the theoretical model furnishes results which are found to be in close agreement with the experimental ones. The results also illustrate the strong dependency of liquid motion upon the natural frequency of the damper, amplitude and frequency content of the excitation spectrum. The model is then applied to study the effectiveness of tuned liquid dampers in vibration control of a single-degree-of-freedom structure subjected to earthquake excitations. Significant suppression of structural vibration can be achieved using tuned liquid dampers.
Source Title: Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
ISSN: 00988847
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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