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Title: Tests on low-ductility RC frames under high- and low-frequency excitations
Authors: Quek, S.-T. 
Bian, C. 
Lu, X.
Lu, W.
Xiong, H.
Keywords: High-frequency
RC frames
Shake table
Vertical excitations
Issue Date: Feb-2002
Citation: Quek, S.-T., Bian, C., Lu, X., Lu, W., Xiong, H. (2002-02). Tests on low-ductility RC frames under high- and low-frequency excitations. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics 31 (2) : 459-474. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The response of low-ductility reinforced concrete (RC) frames, designed typically for a non-seismic region, subjected to two frequencies of base excitations is studied. Five half-scaled, two-bay, two-storey, RC frames, each approximately 5 m wide by 3.3 m high, were subjected to both horizontal and/or vertical base excitations with a frequency of 40 Hz as well as a lower frequency of about 4 Hz (close to the fundamental frequency) using a shake table. The imposed acceleration amplitude ranged from 0.2 to 1.2g. The test results showed that the response characteristics of the structures differed under high- and low-frequency excitations. The frames were able to sustain high-frequency excitations without damage but were inadequate for low-frequency excitations, even though the frames exhibited some ductility. Linear-elastic time-history analysis can predict reasonably well the structural response under high-frequency excitations. As the frames were not designed for seismic loads, the reinforcement detailing may not have been adequate, based on the crack pattern observed. The effect of vertical excitation can cause significant additional forces in the columns and moment reversals in the beams. The 'strong-column, weak-beam' approach for lateral load RC frame design is supported by experimental observations. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
ISSN: 00988847
DOI: 10.1002/eqe.123
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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