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Title: Simplified plane-strain modeling of stone-column: Reinforced ground
Authors: Tan, S.A. 
Tjahyono, S.
Oo, K.K.
Keywords: Columns
Constitutive models
Numerical models
Plane strain
Plastic deformation
Soil consolidation
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Citation: Tan, S.A., Tjahyono, S., Oo, K.K. (2008-02). Simplified plane-strain modeling of stone-column: Reinforced ground. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 134 (2) : 185-194. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The acceleration of consolidation rate by stone columns was mostly analyzed within the framework of a basic unit cell (i.e., a cylindrical soil body around a column). A method of converting the axisymmetric unit cell into the equivalent plane-strain model would be required for two-dimensional numerical modeling of multicolumn field applications. This paper proposes two simplified conversion methods to obtain the equivalent plane-strain model of the unit cell, and investigates their applicability to multicolumn reinforced ground. In the first conversion method, the soil permeability is matched according to an analytical equation, whereas in the second method, the column width is matched based on the equivalence of column area. The validity of these methods is tested by comparison with the numerical results of unit-cell simulations and with the field data from an embankment case history. The results show that for the case of linear-elastic material modeling, both methods produce reasonably accurate long-term consolidation settlements, whereas for the case of elastoplastic material modeling, the second method is preferable as the first one gives erroneously lower long-term settlements. © 2008 ASCE.
Source Title: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
ISSN: 10900241
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2008)134:2(185)
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