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Title: Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes
Authors: Kuang, K.S.C. 
Quek, S.T. 
Maalej, M. 
Keywords: Flood monitoring
Plastic optical fibre sensor
Remote sensing
Wireless monitoring
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2008
Citation: Kuang, K.S.C., Quek, S.T., Maalej, M. (2008-10-03). Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes. Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical 147 (2) : 449-455. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper summarises an effort in the development of a remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibre (POF) sensors and a wireless mote network. The wireless mote, comprising of a network of MICA2DOT™ units, was used as a platform to monitor and record the signal from the POF sensors and transmit this information to a base station wirelessly. A prototype of the integrated wireless POF sensor unit has been constructed, rendering it possible to deploy the autonomous unit remotely at multiple monitoring points as required. A flood monitoring simulation was carried out in a 24 m × 10 m × 0.9 m wave basin where four of these wireless optical fibre mote sensors were used to detect the rising water level in the basin. The novelty of the work lies in the successful integration of the wireless platform to a POF-based liquid level sensor and the subsequent demonstration of the prototype of the system for the purposes of flood monitoring applications. The sensing principle of the POF sensor developed here is well-known and is based on the loss of total internal reflection of the optical signal as the sensor probe comes in contact with the liquid. Compared to optical fibre-based sensors reported previously in the literature, the probe profile used in this study differs in terms of its simplicity in design, while exhibiting an excellent signal intensity loss ratio without the need for additional attachments to the probe such as optical prisms. The tests carried out showed that the POF sensor is capable of detecting a variety of fluids. Exhibiting good signal stability, the sensor also detects the liquid level reliably when the liquid rises or falls to the predetermined level. The responsiveness of the optical fibre sensor was evaluated by simulating different rates at which the liquid rises by immersing the sensor tip into the liquid and vice-versa at various speeds ranging from 1 mm/min to 500 mm/min. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical
ISSN: 09244247
DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2008.05.030
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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