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|dc.title||Disinfection by-products in water produced by ozonation and chlorination|
|dc.identifier.citation||Hu, J.Y., Wang, Z.S., Ng, W.J., Ong, S.L. (1999). Disinfection by-products in water produced by ozonation and chlorination. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 59 (1) : 81-93. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006076204603|
|dc.description.abstract||Water produced by advanced treatment of a groundwater was evaluated to determine the amount of DBPs (Disinfection By-Products) including trihalomethanes (THMs). Both Gas Chromatography (GC) and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GS/MS) were adopted for detection and identification of DBPs such as trihalomethanes (THMs), halo-acetic acids (HAAs) and aldehydes. Two disinfection modes (ozonation followed by chlorination and chlorination alone) were compared to determine the DBPs generation. The mutagenitic acivity of ozonated water, chlorinated water after ozonation and potable water was assessed using the Ames test. Chloroform, dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were the main constituents of THMs and HAAs, respectively. THMs accounted for more than 85% of all DBPs measured, whereas haloacetic acids accounted for around 14%. Ozonation followed by chlorination proved to be better in terms of THMs and HAAs control. The combined system produced 28.3% less DBPs compared to chlorination alone. Ozonation was found capable of reducing mutagenic matter in the groundwater by 54.7%. The combined system also resulted in water with no mutagenicity.|
|dc.description.sourcetitle||Environmental Monitoring and Assessment|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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