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Title: Biofiltration pretreatment for reverse osmosis (RO) membrane in a water reclamation system
Authors: Hu, J.Y. 
Song, L.F. 
Ong, S.L. 
Phua, E.T.
Ng, W.J. 
Keywords: AOC
Differential pressure
Permeate flowrate
Issue Date: Mar-2005
Citation: Hu, J.Y., Song, L.F., Ong, S.L., Phua, E.T., Ng, W.J. (2005-03). Biofiltration pretreatment for reverse osmosis (RO) membrane in a water reclamation system. Chemosphere 59 (1) : 127-133. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Biofouling control is considered as a major challenge in operating membrane systems. A lab-scale RO system was setup at a local water reclamation plant to study the feasibility of using biofiltration as a pretreatment process to control the biofouling. The biological activity in the RO system (feed, product, reject streams) was tested using the standard serial dilution plating technique. Operational parameters such as differential pressure (DP) and permeate flowrate of the system were also monitored. Effects of biofilter on AOC and DOC removals were investigated. Biofiltration was found to be a viable way of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removals, with removal efficiencies of 40-49% and 35-45% at an empty bed contact time (EBCT) of 30 min. It was also found that using the biofiltration as a pretreatment reduced the rate of biofouling. It took only about 72 h for biofouling to have a significant impact on the performance of the RO membrane, when the system was operated without using biofiltration as pretreatment. There was, however, a five times increase in operational length to more than 300 h when biofiltration was used. This study presented the suitability of the biofilter as an economical and simple way of biofouling control for RO membrane. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Chemosphere
ISSN: 00456535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.09.096
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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