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Title: Application of Sargassum biomass to remove heavy metal ions from synthetic multi-metal solutions and urban storm water runoff
Authors: Vijayaraghavan, K. 
Teo, T.T.
Balasubramanian, R. 
Joshi, U.M.
Keywords: Biosorption
Heavy metal
Storm water runoff
Water treatment
Issue Date: 30-May-2009
Citation: Vijayaraghavan, K., Teo, T.T., Balasubramanian, R., Joshi, U.M. (2009-05-30). Application of Sargassum biomass to remove heavy metal ions from synthetic multi-metal solutions and urban storm water runoff. Journal of Hazardous Materials 164 (2-3) : 1019-1023. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The ability of Sargassum sp. to biosorb four metal ions, namely lead, copper, zinc, and manganese from a synthetic multi-solute system and real storm water runoff has been investigated for the first time. Experiments on synthetic multi-solute systems revealed that Sargassum performed well in the biosorption of all four metal ions, with preference towards Pb, followed by Cu, Zn, and Mn. The solution pH strongly affected the metal biosorption, with pH 6 being identified as the optimal condition for achieving maximum biosorption. Experiments at different biosorbent dosages revealed that good biosorption capacity as well as high metal removal efficiency was observed at 3 g/L. The biosorption kinetics was found to be fast with equilibrium being attained within 50 min. According to the Langmuir isotherm model, Sargassum exhibited maximum uptakes of 214, 67.5, 24.2 and 20.2 mg/g for lead, copper, zinc, and manganese, respectively in single-solute systems. In multi-metal systems, strong competition between four metal ions in terms of occupancy binding sites was observed, and Sargassum showed preference in the order of Pb > Cu > Zn > Mn. The application of Sargassum to remove four heavy metal ions in real storm water runoff revealed that the biomass was capable of removing the heavy metal ions. However, the biosorption performance was slightly lower compared to that of synthetic metal solutions. Several factors were responsible for this difference, and the most important factor is the presence of other contaminants such as anions, organics, and other trace metals in the runoff. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN: 03043894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.08.105
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