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Title: Dislocation-twin interaction mechanisms for ultrahigh strength and ductility in nanotwinned metals
Authors: Wu, Z.X.
Zhang, Y.W. 
Srolovitz, D.J.
Keywords: Dislocations
Molecular dynamics simulations
Plastic deformations
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Citation: Wu, Z.X., Zhang, Y.W., Srolovitz, D.J. (2009-09). Dislocation-twin interaction mechanisms for ultrahigh strength and ductility in nanotwinned metals. Acta Materialia 57 (15) : 4508-4518. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ultrafine polycrystalline metals containing nanotwins exhibit simultaneous ultrahigh strength and ductility. We study the plastic deformation of such materials through molecular dynamics simulations. Based upon these simulations, we trace the sequence of dislocation events associated with the initiation of plastic deformation, dislocation interaction with twin boundaries, dislocation multiplication and deformation debris formation. We report two new dislocation mechanisms that explain the observation of both ultrahigh strength and ductility found in this class of microstructures. First, we observe the interaction of a 60° dislocation with a twin boundary that leads to the formation of a {0 0 1} 〈 1 1 0 〉 Lomer dislocation which, in turn, dissociates into Shockley, stair-rod and Frank partial dislocations. Second, the interaction of a 30° Shockley partial dislocation with a twin boundary generates three new Shockley partials during twin-mediated slip transfer. The generation of a high-density of Shockley partial dislocations on several different slip systems contributes to the observed ultrahigh ductility, while the formation of sessile stair-rod and Frank partial dislocations (together with the presence of the twin boundaries themselves) explain observations of ultrahigh strength. Our simulation highlights the importance of interplay between the carriers of and barriers to plastic deformation in achieving simultaneous ultrahigh strength and ductility. © 2009 Acta Materialia Inc.
Source Title: Acta Materialia
ISSN: 13596454
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.06.015
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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