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Title: Pneumatic transport of granular materials through a 90° bend
Authors: Lee, L.Y. 
Quek, T.Y.
Deng, R.
Ray, M.B. 
Wang, C.-H. 
Keywords: Bend
Granular materials
Multiphase flow
Pneumatic conveying
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Citation: Lee, L.Y., Quek, T.Y., Deng, R., Ray, M.B., Wang, C.-H. (2004-11). Pneumatic transport of granular materials through a 90° bend. Chemical Engineering Science 59 (21) : 4637-4651. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the present study, a pneumatic conveying system incorporating a 90° bend is investigated. This study employs the use of three non-invasive instruments to measure solids concentration and velocity distribution determination in the pneumatic conveying system. They are namely the electrical capacitance tomography (ECT), particle image velocimetry and phase doppler particle analyzer. Pressure transducers were also used to monitor the pressure drop characteristics along the post-bend vertical pipe region. Two different classes of granular materials, polypropylene beads (2600 μm, Geldart class D) and glass beads (500 μm, Geldart class B), were used to investigate the differences in the flow characteristics for granular particles of various Geldart classes. The experimental results show a constant frequency pulsating flow for polypropylene beads in the dense-phase flow regime. This is illustrated by the visualization, ECT and pressure drop data. For dilute-phase flow regime, both polypropylene and glass beads show a continuous annulus flow structure. Numerical simulation using the Euler-Euler method was also conducted using computational fluid dynamics and the fluid and particle flow characteristics were compared with the experimental data obtained in the present study. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Chemical Engineering Science
ISSN: 00092509
DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2004.07.007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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