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Title: Electrostatic effects on inertial particle transport in bifurcated tubes
Authors: Leong, F.Y. 
Smith, K.A.
Wang, C.-H. 
Matsusaka, S.
Hua, J.
Keywords: Aerosols
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
Multiphase flow
Particle technology
Particulate flows
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Citation: Leong, F.Y., Smith, K.A., Wang, C.-H., Matsusaka, S., Hua, J. (2009-06). Electrostatic effects on inertial particle transport in bifurcated tubes. AIChE Journal 55 (6) : 1390-1401. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Most aerosols found naturally in the ambient environment or those dispersed from artificial devices such as dry powder inhalers, are electrically charged. It is known that a strong electrostatic charge on aerosols can result in transport behavior dramatically different from that of uncharged aerosols, even in the absence of an external electric field. In the present work, we study pneumatic transport of corona-charged particles in bifurcated tubes. This is accomplished by tracking the motion of discrete particles numerically under the influence of drag, gravitational, and electrostatic forces. The model aerosol is fly ash powder, whose size and charge distributions have been determined experimentally. The electrical mobility of the charged particle cloud is modeled through coulombic interactions between discrete point charges. For the case of polydispersed particles electrically charged across a distribution, the deposition efficiency was found to be greater than what is indicated by the mean charge and size. In particular, use of negatively charged fly ash powder of mean size of 2 μm and mean charge of -1.5 C/kg led to significant increase in deposition efficiency (∼29%) compared with uncharged fly ash powder of the same size distribution (∼8%). Analysis of particle residence times suggests significant interaction between electrical and drag forces. These findings could have implications for pneumatic powder conveying or pulmonary drug delivery applications. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Source Title: AIChE Journal
ISSN: 00011541
DOI: 10.1002/aic.11751
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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