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Title: Differential Expression of Metallothionein in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors and Gastric Carcinomas
Authors: Soo, E.-T.
NG, C.-T. 
Yip, G.W.-C.
Koo, C.Y.
Nga, M.-E.
Tan, P.-H.
Bay, B.-H.
Keywords: Gastric carcinoma
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Citation: Soo, E.-T., NG, C.-T., Yip, G.W.-C., Koo, C.Y., Nga, M.-E., Tan, P.-H., Bay, B.-H. (2011-02). Differential Expression of Metallothionein in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors and Gastric Carcinomas. Anatomical Record 294 (2) : 267-272. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors that account for about 2% of gastric tumors. Metallothioneins (MTs) are multifunctional proteins associated with carcinogenesis and known to be coded by 10 functional MT genes. This study evaluated MT mRNA and protein expression in GISTs and compared the expression levels with gastric carcinomas. An immunohistochemical study of MT protein expression was performed in 15 GISTs (specifically located in the stomach) and 38 early stage gastric carcinomas. The percentage of cells stained and intensity of staining were determined. MT-2A mRNA expression was investigated in 6 GISTs and 6 early stage gastric carcinoma patients. All GISTs displayed positive nuclear immunostaining, with most GISTs having predominantly mildly stained nuclei (93.3%). On the other hand, 37 out of 38 gastric carcinoma cases were positively stained for nuclear MT with 24 cases (63.2%) exhibiting predominantly mild nuclear staining, 7 cases (18.4%) moderate nuclear staining, and 6 cases (15.8%) strong nuclear staining. Nuclear MT expression was found to be significantly lower in GIST samples when compared with gastric carcinoma tissues based on the percentage stained and immunoreactive score. We then established that the MT-2A gene transcript was the most abundant MT isoform in MKN28 gastric cancer cells and analyzed its expression in GIST and gastric carcinoma tissues. We found that GISTs had significantly lower MT-2A mRNA levels than gastric carcinoma tissues. Lower MT-2A gene expression and nuclear MT protein expression in GISTs when compared with gastric carcinomas may reflect their different underlying biology and divergent histogenesis. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Source Title: Anatomical Record
ISSN: 19328486
DOI: 10.1002/ar.21321
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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