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Title: A sulfonated polyphenylenesulfone (sPPSU) as the supporting substrate in thin film composite (TFC) membranes with enhanced performance for forward osmosis (FO)
Authors: Widjojo, N. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Weber, M.
Maletzko, C.
Warzelhan, V.
Keywords: Directly sulfonated polymer
Forward osmosis
Hydrophilic substrate
Interfacial polymerization
Sponge-like structure
Thin film composite (TFC) membranes
Issue Date: 5-Mar-2013
Citation: Widjojo, N., Chung, T.-S., Weber, M., Maletzko, C., Warzelhan, V. (2013-03-05). A sulfonated polyphenylenesulfone (sPPSU) as the supporting substrate in thin film composite (TFC) membranes with enhanced performance for forward osmosis (FO). Chemical Engineering Journal 220 : 15-23. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The new sulfonated polyphenylenesulfone (sPPSU) materials synthesized via direct route with various content of sulfonated units, i.e., 2.5 and 5. mol% 3,3'-di-sodiumdisulfate-4,4'-dichlorodiphenyl sulfone (sDCDPS) monomer, have been effectively implemented as supporting layers of the thin film composite (TFC) membranes for forward osmosis (FO) applications. Not only does the hydrophilic nature of membrane substrates essentially facilitate the water transport across the membrane during the FO process, but also possibly provide anti-fouling characteristics as well as induce the formation of fully sponge-like structures. Compared to TFC-FO membranes made of hydrophobic non-sulfonated PPSU supporting layers, those made of hydrophilic sPPSU supporting layers comprising 2.5. mol% sDCDPS can achieve a 4.4-fold increment on water flux up to 54 LMH with 8.8 gMH salt reverse flux under the pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) mode using 2. M NaCl as draw solution. Surprisingly, the newly developed TFC-FO membranes show a much smaller difference in water flux between PRO and FO modes compared to previous works, indicating much lower ICP, particularly at low draw solution concentrations, i.e. 0.5-2. M NaCl. When tested for seawater desalination using 3.5. wt% NaCl as the feed and 2. M NaCl as the draw solution, the aforementioned membrane show a water flux up to 22 LMH under the PRO mode, which is the highest ever reported. Furthermore, the structural parameter indicating the internal concentration polarization (ICP) can be remarkably decreased with an increase in sulphonated material contents in membrane substrates. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Chemical Engineering Journal
ISSN: 13858947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.01.007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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