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Title: Redefining failure rate function for discrete distributions
Authors: Xie, M. 
Gaudoin, O.
Bracquemond, C.
Keywords: Aging property
Discrete distribution
Discrete failure rate
Discrete reliability function
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Xie, M.,Gaudoin, O.,Bracquemond, C. (2002). Redefining failure rate function for discrete distributions. International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering 9 (3) : 275-285. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: For discrete distribution with reliability function R(k), k = 1,2,..., [R(k - 1) - R(k)]/R(k - 1) has been used as the definition of the failure rate function in the literature. However, this is different from that of the continuous case. This discrete version has the interpretation of a probability while it is known that a failure rate is not a probability in the continuous case. This discrete failure rate is bounded, and hence cannot be convex, e.g., it cannot grow linearly. It is not additive for series system while the additivity for series system is a common understanding in practice. In the paper, another definition of discrete failure rate function as ln[R(k-1)/R(k)] is introduced, and the above-mentioned problems are resolved. On the other hand, it is shown that the two failure rate definitions have the same monotonicity property. That is, if one is increasing/decreasing, the other is also increasing/decreasing. For other aging concepts the new failure rate definition is more appropriate. The failure rate functions according to this definition are given for a number of useful discrete reliability functions.
Source Title: International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering
ISSN: 02185393
DOI: 10.1142/S0218539302000822
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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