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Title: High-frequency over-the-horizon radar and ionospheric backscatter studies in China
Authors: Li, L.-W. 
Issue Date: Sep-1998
Citation: Li, L.-W. (1998-09). High-frequency over-the-horizon radar and ionospheric backscatter studies in China. Radio Science 33 (5) : 1445-1458. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: China is one of the countries that employs high-frequency over-the-horizon radars for both military and civil applications. The first Chinese high-frequency over-the-horizon backscatter radar was developed in the 1970s. This paper briefly introduces the first Chinese over-the-horizon backscatter radar system and reviews ionospheric backscatter and propagation studies in China. The paper discusses the motivation for establishing over-the-horizon radar systems in China, the experimental system, target recognition and detection, and estimation of over-the-horizon radar availability. Observations of aircraft, large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances, and the effects of a remote nuclear explosion are also presented. Finally, the real-time Chinese ionosonde network and frequency predictions using backscatter ionograms are discussed.
Source Title: Radio Science
ISSN: 00486604
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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