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Title: Resistance of high-strength concrete to projectile impact
Authors: Zhang, M.H. 
Shim, V.P.W. 
Lu, G. 
Chew, C.W.
Keywords: Concrete
Crater diameter
Penetration depth
Projectile impact
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Citation: Zhang, M.H., Shim, V.P.W., Lu, G., Chew, C.W. (2005-08). Resistance of high-strength concrete to projectile impact. International Journal of Impact Engineering 31 (7) : 825-841. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the impact resistance of concrete with compressive strengths of 45-235MPa when subjected to impact by 12.6mm ogive-nosed projectile at velocities ranging from ∼620 to 700m/s. The results indicate that the penetration depth and crater diameter in target specimens exhibit an overall reduction with an increase in the compressive strength of the concrete. However, the trend is not linear. Further increase in the compressive strength requires a reduction in the water-to-cementitious material ratio and the elimination of coarse aggregates. However, doing these does not result in reduction of the penetration depth and crater diameter. The presence of coarse granite aggregates appears to be beneficial in terms of reducing penetration depth, crater diameter, and crack propagation, thus contributing to impact resistance. Incorporation of steel fibers in the concrete reduced the crater diameter and crack propagation, but did not have a significant effect on penetration depth. An increase in the curing temperature from 30°C to 250°C did not alter the impact resistance of the concrete significantly. Based on the present findings and cost consideration, high-strength fiber-reinforced concrete with a compressive strength of ∼100MPa appears to be most efficient in protection against projectile impact. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Impact Engineering
ISSN: 0734743X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2004.04.009
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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