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Title: Reduced contraction of skin equivalent engineered using cell sheets cultured in 3D matrices
Authors: Ng, K.W. 
Hutmacher, D.W. 
Keywords: Cell sheets
Extracellular matrix
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)
Skin equivalent
Issue Date: Sep-2006
Citation: Ng, K.W., Hutmacher, D.W. (2006-09). Reduced contraction of skin equivalent engineered using cell sheets cultured in 3D matrices. Biomaterials 27 (26) : 4591-4598. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In order to alleviate their extensive contraction, human fibroblast sheets were cultured in combination with three-dimensional matrices (knitted poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) mesh and collagen-hyaluronic acid (CHA) sponge) to form contiguous dermal constructs for tissue engineering a bilayered skin equivalent. The resulting constructs were viable, and supported the development of bilayered skin equivalents which did not contract over the 4-week culture period. When implanted into full-thickness wounds in nude rats, cultured skin equivalents based on PLGA meshes registered a take rate of 100% and showed an extent of wound contraction that was statistically similar to autografts, while wounds grafted with PLGA meshes without cell sheets contracted more than autografts. On the other hand, skin equivalents based on CHA sponges were all sloughed off within 2 weeks of transplantation. In all cell sheet-incorporated specimens, cells from the constructs infiltrated and produced extracellular matrix within the neo-dermis, shown by positive human leukocyte antigen and collagen I expression. This technique offers an alternative approach for scaffold-based tissue engineering to produce mechanically stable grafts with matured neo-tissue. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2006.04.020
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