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Title: Negative wake in the uniform flow past a cylinder
Authors: Dou, H.-S. 
Phan-Thien, N. 
Keywords: Cylinder
Negative wake
Normal stress
Numerical simulation
Streamline shift
Viscoelastic flows
Issue Date: Sep-2003
Citation: Dou, H.-S., Phan-Thien, N. (2003-09). Negative wake in the uniform flow past a cylinder. Rheologica Acta 42 (5) : 383-409. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The upstream/downstream streamline shift and the associated negative wake generation (streamwise velocity overshoot in the wake) in a viscoelastic flow past a cylinder are studied in this paper, for the Oldroyd-B, UCM, PTT, and FENECR fluids, using the Discrete Elastic Viscous Split Stress Vorticity (DEVSS-ω) scheme (Dou HS, Phan-Thien N (1999). The flow of an Oldroyd-B fluid past a cylinder in a channel: adaptive viscosity vorticity (DAVSS-ω) formulation. J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 87:47-73). The numerical algorithm is a parallelized unstructured Finite Volume Method (FVM), running under a distributed computing environment through the Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) library. It is demonstrated that both the normal stress and its gradient are responsible for the negative wake generation and streamline shifting. Fluid extensional rheology plays an important role in the generation of the negative wake. The negative wake can occur in flows where the fluid extensional viscosity does not increase rapidly with strain rate. The formation of the negative wake does not depend on whether the streamlines undergo an upstream or a downstream shift. Shear-thinning viscosity weakens the velocity overshoot and while shear-thinning first normal stress coefficient enhances the velocity overshoot. Wall proximity is not necessary for the velocity overshoot; however, it enhances the strength of the negative wake. For the Oldroyd-B fluid, the ratio of the solvent viscosity to the zero-shear viscosity plays an important role in the streamline shift. In addition, mesh dependent behaviour of normal stresses along the centreline at high De in most cylinder/sphere simulations is due to the convection of normal stress from the cylinder to the wake, which results in the maximum of the normal stress being located off the centreline by a short distance at high De.
Source Title: Rheologica Acta
ISSN: 00354511
DOI: 10.1007/s00397-003-0293-z
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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