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Title: Dynamic toughness in elastic nonlinear viscous solids
Authors: Tang, S. 
Guo, T.F. 
Cheng, L. 
Keywords: Dynamic fracture
Polymeric material
Porous material
Rate dependence
Viscoelastic material
Issue Date: Feb-2009
Citation: Tang, S., Guo, T.F., Cheng, L. (2009-02). Dynamic toughness in elastic nonlinear viscous solids. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 57 (2) : 384-400. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This work addresses the interrelationship among dissipative mechanisms-material separation in the fracture process zone (FPZ), nonelastic deformation in the surrounding background material and kinetic energy-and how they affect the macroscopic dynamic fracture toughness as well as the limiting crack speed in strain rate sensitive materials. To this end, a micromechanics-based model for void growth in a nonlinear viscous solid is incorporated into a microporous strip of cell elements that forms the FPZ. The latter is surrounded by background material described by conventional constitutive relations. In the first part of the paper, the background material is assumed to be purely elastic. Here, the computed dynamic fracture toughness is a convex function of crack velocity. In the second part, the background material as well as the FPZ are described by similar rate-sensitivity parameters. Voids grow in the strain rate strengthened FPZ as the crack velocity increases. Consequently, the work of separation increases. By contrast, the inelastic dissipation in the background material appears to be a concave function of crack velocity. At the lower crack velocity regime, where dissipation in the background material is dominant, toughness decreases as crack velocity increases. At high crack velocities, inelastic deformation enhanced by the inertial force can cause a sharp increase in toughness. Here, the computed toughness increases rapidly with crack velocity. There exist regimes where the toughness is a non-monotonic function of the crack velocity. Two length scales-the width of the FPZ and the ratio of the shear wave speed to the reference strain rate-can be shown to strongly affect the dynamic fracture toughness. Our computational simulations can predict experimental data for fracture toughness vs. crack velocity reported in several studies for amorphous polymeric materials. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
ISSN: 00225096
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2008.09.013
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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