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Title: Coupling of therapeutic molecules onto surface modified coralline hydroxyapatite
Authors: Murugan, R. 
Ramakrishna, S. 
Keywords: Drug delivery
In vitro test
Polyglycidyl methacrylate
Surface grafting
X-ray diffraction
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Citation: Murugan, R., Ramakrishna, S. (2004-07). Coupling of therapeutic molecules onto surface modified coralline hydroxyapatite. Biomaterials 25 (15) : 3073-3080. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Surface modification and coupling of therapeutic molecules, tetracycline, onto coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA) and their in vitro evaluations were described in this study. Initially, CHA was graft polymerized with glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) using redox initiators and subsequently coupled to tetracycline through epoxy groups. The CHA grafted with polyGMA (CHA-g-PGMA) was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) for proof of grafting. The absorption peaks pertaining to epoxy and ester carbonyl groups were observed for the graft polymer due to PGMA grafting. The XRD results signified that there was no secondary phase in the apatite lattice and crystallinity was also not affected by grafting, which suggested that the PGMA chains were grafted only on the surface of CHA. Drug loading and releasing was evaluated and found that CHA-g-PGMA exhibited higher loading efficiency than CHA. The in vitro release of tetracycline was performed in phosphate buffered saline under physiological condition and the release profiles showed that the tetracycline-containing graft polymer releases the drug for prolonged period as compared to CHA. Based on the experimental results, CHA-g-PGMA appears to be a promising biomaterial for drug delivery. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2003.09.089
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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