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Title: A study on wear mechanism and wear reduction strategies in grinding wheels used for ELID grinding
Authors: Fathima, K.
Senthil Kumar, A. 
Rahman, M. 
Lim, H.S. 
Keywords: ELID
Grinding wheel wear
Metal-bonded grinding wheel
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Citation: Fathima, K., Senthil Kumar, A., Rahman, M., Lim, H.S. (2003-11). A study on wear mechanism and wear reduction strategies in grinding wheels used for ELID grinding. Wear 254 (12) : 1247-1255. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Metal-bonded superabrasive diamond grinding wheels have superior qualities such as high bond strength, high stability and high grindability. The major problems encountered are wheel loading and glazing, which impedes the effectiveness of the grinding wheel. Electrolytic in-process dressing (ELID) is an effective method to dress the grinding wheel during grinding. The wear mechanism of metal-bonded grinding wheels dressed using ELID is different form the conventional grinding methods because the bond strength of the wheel-working surface is reduced by electrolysis. The reduction of bond strength reduces the grit-depth-of-cut and hence the surface finish is improved. The oxide layer formed on the surface of the grinding wheel experiences macrofracture at the end of wheel life while machining hard and brittle workpieces. When the wheel wear is dominated by macrofracture, the wheel-working surface is free from loaded chips and worn diamond grits. When the oxide layer is removed from the wheel surface, the electrical conductivity of the grinding wheel increases, and that stimulates electrolytic dressing. The conditions applied to the pulse current influence the amount of layer oxidizing from the grinding wheel surface. Longer pulse 'on' time increases the wheel wear. Shorter pulse 'on' time can be selected for a courser grit size wheel since that type of wheel needs high grinding efficiency. Equal pulse 'on' and 'off' time is desired for finer grit size wheels to obtain stable and ultraprecision surface finish. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Wear
ISSN: 00431648
DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00078-4
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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