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Title: Two-step denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (2S-DGGE), a gel-based strategy to capture full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences
Authors: Wang, S.
He, J. 
Keywords: 16S rRNA genes
Microbial community
Taxonomic identification
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Citation: Wang, S., He, J. (2012-09). Two-step denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (2S-DGGE), a gel-based strategy to capture full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 95 (5) : 1305-1312. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Obtaining full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences is important for generating accurate taxonomy assignments of bacteria, which normally is realized via clone library construction. However, the application of clone library has been hindered due to its limitations in sample throughput and in capturing minor populations (<1 % of total microorganisms). To overcome these limitations, a new strategy, two-step denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (2S-DGGE), is developed to obtain full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences. 2S-DGGE can compare microbial communities based on its first-round DGGE profiles and generate partial 16S rRNA gene sequences (8-534 bp, Escherichia coli numbering). Then, strain-specific primers can be designed based on sequence information of bacteria of interest to PCR amplify their remaining 16S rRNA gene sequences (515-1541 bps, E. coli numbering). The second-round DGGE can confirm DNA sequence purity of these PCR products. Finally, the full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences can be obtained through combining the two partial DNA sequences. By employing 2S-DGGE, taxonomies of a group of dehalogenating bacteria have been assigned based on their full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences, several of which existed in dehalogenating microcosms as minor populations. In all, 2S-DGGE can be utilized as a medium throughput method for taxonomic identification of interested/minor populations from single or multiple microbial consortia. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Source Title: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN: 01757598
DOI: 10.1007/s00253-012-4251-5
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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