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Title: Crustal thickness and velocity structure beneath singapore's seismic network
Authors: Macpherson, K.A.
Hidayat, D.
Feng, L.
Goh, S.H. 
Keywords: Crustal thickness
Receiver functions
Velocity structure
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Macpherson, K.A., Hidayat, D., Feng, L., Goh, S.H. (2013). Crustal thickness and velocity structure beneath singapore's seismic network. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 64 : 245-255. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We estimated the crustal thickness and velocity structure beneath the five stations comprising the Republic of Singapore's seismic network. Our data set was composed of 697 teleseismic receiver functions and 7 months of broad-band data that was cross-correlated to produce inter-station Green's functions. Surface wave group velocities were extracted from the Green's functions to obtain dispersion data for a path from central Sumatra to Singapore in order to provide a complimentary data set to the receiver functions. Crustal thickness was estimated via an H - k stacking technique, and high-resolution 1D Pwave velocity profiles were generated beneath each station by jointly inverting receiver function stacks and the group velocity data using a linearised time-domain inversion scheme. Crustal thickness beneath four stations was found to be between 28.0 km and 32.0 km, while one station in the northeast of Singapore indicates 24.0 km thick crust. This implies a significant crustal thinning beneath Singapore over the lateral extent of 50.0 km. Inversion results exhibit several crustal features that are observable in the derived models at all five stations, indicating that they exist across Singapore as a whole. There appears to be an upper-crustal high-velocity zone beneath Singapore, underlain by a velocity inversion. Station NTU shows slower near-surface velocities than the other stations, consistent with its situation above the sedimentary Jurong formation. These results expand the available global velocity data set, as well as being useful for assessing the seismic hazard in Singapore. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences
ISSN: 13679120
DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.12.027
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