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Title: Wear of TiC-coated carbide tools in dry turning
Authors: Lim, C.Y.H. 
Lim, S.C. 
Lee, K.S. 
Keywords: Carbide tools
TiC coatings
Wear maps
Wear mechanisms
Issue Date: Apr-1999
Citation: Lim, C.Y.H.,Lim, S.C.,Lee, K.S. (1999-04). Wear of TiC-coated carbide tools in dry turning. Wear 225-229 (I) : 354-367. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper examines the flank and crater wear characteristics of titanium carbide (TiC)-coated cemented carbide tool inserts during dry turning of steel workpieces. A brief review of tool wear mechanisms is presented together with new evidence showing that wear of the TiC layer on both flank and rake faces is dominated by discrete plastic deformation, which causes the coating to be worn through to the underlying carbide substrate when machining at high cutting speeds and feed rates. Wear also occurs as a result of abrasion, as well as cracking and attrition, with the latter leading to the wearing through of the coating on the rake face under low speed conditions. When moderate speeds and feeds are used, the coating remains intact throughout the duration of testing. Wear mechanism maps linking the observed wear mechanisms to machining conditions are presented for the first time. These maps demonstrate clearly that transitions from one dominant wear mechanism to another may be related to variations in measured tool wear rates. Comparisons of the present wear maps with similar maps for uncoated carbide tools show that TiC coatings dramatically expand the range of machining conditions under which acceptable rates of tool wear might be experienced. However, the extent of improvement brought about by the coatings depends strongly on the cutting conditions, with the greatest benefits being seen at higher cutting speeds and feed rates. © 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Wear
ISSN: 00431648
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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