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Title: Measurement of crack-profiles using AC field measurement method
Authors: Lai, M.O. 
Ng, C.K.
Keywords: alternating current field measurement
boundary element method
crack aspect ratio
pseudo-random error
smoothing technique
Issue Date: Dec-1994
Citation: Lai, M.O.,Ng, C.K. (1994-12). Measurement of crack-profiles using AC field measurement method. Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation 13 (4) : 155-163. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The alternating current field measurement technique has been employed in the present study to predict cracks of different profiles. Profiles used included surface thumb-nail cracks of semi-circular, semi-elliptical, asymmetrical and rectangular shape with aspect ratios ranging from 2 to 10. From the potential ratios measured experimentally, a numerical approach was employed to compute the crack profiles. Crack profiles were also computed from theoretical potential profiles obtained using boundary element method. The present study shows that with high aspect ratios, the crack profiles predicted using theoretical data bore great resemblance to that of the actual. The underpredictions at the centre-line position of the cracks were small. Using experimentally measured potentials with 1-dimensional interpretation, all predicted profiles showed an under estimation of the actual. The errors appeared generally lower for the narrower plate and decreased with increase in aspect ratio. Pseudo-random errors were introduced to the theoretical potentials to simulate measurement errors that may occur in practice, to improve the error handling capability of the computer programme designed for the study. In addition, a smoothing technique was also applied to improve the accuracy of the crack profile prediction. By "freezing" some of the distant potential field, a significant computer processing time reduction of 25-35% has been achieved. © 1994 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
Source Title: Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation
ISSN: 01959298
DOI: 10.1007/BF00742581
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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