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Title: Keloid fibroblasts are more sensitive to Wnt3a treatment in terms of elevated cellular growth and fibronectin expression
Authors: Chua, A.W.C. 
Gan, S.U.
Ting, Y.
Fu, Z.
Lim, C.K.
Song, C.
Sabapathy, K.
Phan, T.T.
Keywords: Cellular growth
Keloid fibroblasts
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Citation: Chua, A.W.C., Gan, S.U., Ting, Y., Fu, Z., Lim, C.K., Song, C., Sabapathy, K., Phan, T.T. (2011-12). Keloid fibroblasts are more sensitive to Wnt3a treatment in terms of elevated cellular growth and fibronectin expression. Journal of Dermatological Science 64 (3) : 199-209. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Current evidence suggests the potential role of Wnt signalling in keloids pathogenesis but such literature remains scanty. We hypothesize that Wnt signalling is upregulated in keloid fibroblasts (KFs) and this promotes cellular growth, migration and extracellular matrix (ECM) production in such fibroblasts. Objectives: To verify the downregulation of secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1), a Wnt inhibitor and test KFs sensitivity to Wnt3a treatment compared to NFs in terms of activation of Wnt/β-catenin, cellular growth, migration and ECM expressions. Next, to investigate if ectopic expression of SFRP1 and treatment of quercetin in KFs can reverse their phenotypes. Methods: Quantitative Real-time PCR and western blotting were used to verify SFRP1 expression in NFs and KFs. The fibroblasts were tested with Wnt3a conditioned media and its effects were tested for (1) the cells' sensitivity to direct Wnt signalling via the activation of TCF reporter assay and protein expression of β-catenin, (2) cellular growth, (3) cell migration and (4) expressions of ECM components. Finally KFs were stably transduced with SFRP1 and treated with 2 doses of quercetin. Results: Lower levels of SFRP1 were confirmed at mRNA and protein levels in KFs which partly explained their sensitivity to Wnt3a treatment in terms of higher Wnt activation, cellular growth and fibronectin expression. Interestingly, Wnt3a did not promote higher cell migration rate and increase in collagen I expression. Ectopic expression of SFRP1 and quercetin treatment was able to mitigate Wnt3a-mediated phenotype of KFs. Conclusions: Using SFRP1 or inhibitors of Wnt signalling might be one of the therapeutic solutions to treat keloid scarring. © 2011 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology.
Source Title: Journal of Dermatological Science
ISSN: 09231811
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2011.09.008
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