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Title: Wall effects in continuous microfluidic magneto-affinity cell separation
Authors: Wu, L.
Zhang, Y. 
Palaniapan, M. 
Roy, P. 
Keywords: Cell separation
Wall effect
Issue Date: 1-May-2010
Citation: Wu, L., Zhang, Y., Palaniapan, M., Roy, P. (2010-05-01). Wall effects in continuous microfluidic magneto-affinity cell separation. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 106 (1) : 68-75. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Continuous microfluidic magneto-affinity cell separator combines unique microscale flow phenomenon with advantageous nanobead properties, to isolate cells with high specificity. Owing to the comparable size of the cell-bead complexes and the microchannels, the walls of the microchannel exert a strong influence on the separation of cells by this method. We present a theoretical and experimental study that provides a quantitative description of hydrodynamic wall interactions and wall rolling velocity of cells. A transient convection model describes the transport of cells in two-phase microfluidic flow under the influence of an external magnetic field. Transport of cells along the microchannel walls is also considered via an additional equation. Results show the variation of cell flux in the fluid phases and the wall as a function of a dimensionless parameter arising in the equations. Our results suggest that conditions may be optimized to maximize cell separation while minimizing contact with the wall surfaces. Experimentally measured cell rolling velocities on the wall indicate the presence of other near-wall forces in addition to fluid shear forces. Separation of a human colon carcinoma cell line from a mixture of red blood cells, with folic acid conjugated 1mm and 200nm beads, is reported. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
ISSN: 00063592
DOI: 10.1002/bit.22665
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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