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Title: Understanding the behavior of SFM algorithms: A geometric approach
Authors: Xiang, T.
Cheong, L.-F. 
Keywords: Depth distortion
Epipolar constraint
Error analysis
Inherent ambiguity
Structure from motion
Issue Date: Feb-2003
Citation: Xiang, T., Cheong, L.-F. (2003-02). Understanding the behavior of SFM algorithms: A geometric approach. International Journal of Computer Vision 51 (2) : 111-137. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We put forth in this paper a geometrically motivated motion error analysis which is capable of supporting investigation of global effect such as inherent ambiguities. This is in contrast with the usual statistical kinds of motion error analyses which can only deal with local effect such as noise perturbations, and where must of the results regarding global ambiguities are empirical in nature. The error expression that we derive allow us to predict the exact conditions likely to cause ambiguities and how these ambiguities vary with motion types such as lateral or forward motion. Given the erroneous 3-D motion estimates caused by the inherent ambiguities, it is also important to study the behavior of the resultant distortion in depth recovered under different motion-scene configurations. Such an investigation may alert us to the occurrence of ambiguities under different conditions and be more careful in picking the solution. Our formulation, though geometrically motivated, was also put to use in modeling the effect of noise and in revealing the strong influence of feature distribution. Experiments on both synthetic and real image sequences were conducted to verify the various theoretical predictions.
Source Title: International Journal of Computer Vision
ISSN: 09205691
DOI: 10.1023/A:1021627622971
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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