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Title: The role of ions and reaction sites for electrochemical reversible charge cycling in mesoporous nickel hydroxides
Authors: Liu, J.
Ren, Y.
Dasgupta, B.
Tanoto, H.
Seng, H.L.
Chim, W.K. 
Li, S.F.Y. 
Chiam, S.Y.
Issue Date: 21-Dec-2013
Citation: Liu, J., Ren, Y., Dasgupta, B., Tanoto, H., Seng, H.L., Chim, W.K., Li, S.F.Y., Chiam, S.Y. (2013-12-21). The role of ions and reaction sites for electrochemical reversible charge cycling in mesoporous nickel hydroxides. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1 (47) : 15095-15101. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Layered nickel hydroxide thin films with mesoporous structure were prepared on ITO substrates by a facile chemical bath deposition method. The electrochemical properties of the nickel hydroxide/oxyhydroxide films were investigated in both potassium hydroxide and lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate electrolytes. We show that the high reversible charge cycling capability of the material is enabled by the redox reaction involving hydroxyl ions, especially in the oxidative cycle. Li ion reversible charge cycling requires available reaction or adsorption sites that can be provided by sub-stoichiometry or defective films. Raising the defect concentration, the cyclic reversibility is shown to increase by ∼5 times. The effects of intercalated water in the interlayers are also discussed. We show that the presence of water in the interlayers can lead to a passivating reaction during the charge cycling and also cause optical efficiency losses through unwanted charge trapping. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
ISSN: 20507488
DOI: 10.1039/c3ta13938g
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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