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Title: MIMO broadcasting for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer
Authors: Zhang, R. 
Ho, C.K.
Keywords: broadcast channel
energy harvesting
MIMO system
rate-energy tradeoff
simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT)
wireless power
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Zhang, R., Ho, C.K. (2013). MIMO broadcasting for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 12 (5) : 1989-2001. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Wireless power transfer (WPT) is a promising new solution to provide convenient and perpetual energy supplies to wireless networks. In practice, WPT is implementable by various technologies such as inductive coupling, magnetic resonate coupling, and electromagnetic (EM) radiation, for short-/mid-/long- range applications, respectively. In this paper, we consider the EM or radio signal enabled WPT in particular. Since radio signals can carry energy as well as information at the same time, a unified study on simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) is pursued. Specifically, this paper studies a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless broadcast system consisting of three nodes, where one receiver harvests energy and another receiver decodes information separately from the signals sent by a common transmitter, and all the transmitter and receivers may be equipped with multiple antennas. Two scenarios are examined, in which the information receiver and energy receiver are separated and see different MIMO channels from the transmitter, or co-located and see the identical MIMO channel from the transmitter. For the case of separated receivers, we derive the optimal transmission strategy to achieve different tradeoffs for maximal information rate versus energy transfer, which are characterized by the boundary of a so-called rate-energy (R-E) region. For the case of co-located receivers, we show an outer bound for the achievable R-E region due to the potential limitation that practical energy harvesting receivers are not yet able to decode information directly. Under this constraint, we investigate two practical designs for the co-located receiver case, namely time switching and power splitting, and characterize their achievable R-E regions in comparison to the outer bound. © 2002-2012 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
ISSN: 15361276
DOI: 10.1109/TWC.2013.031813.120224
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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