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Title: Hierarchical information fusion for global displacement estimation in microsensor motion capture
Authors: Meng, X.
Zhang, Z.-Q.
Wu, J.-K.
Wong, W.-C. 
Keywords: Complementary Kalman filter (CKF)
displacement estimation
gait pattern
human biomechanical model
sensor fusion
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Meng, X., Zhang, Z.-Q., Wu, J.-K., Wong, W.-C. (2013). Hierarchical information fusion for global displacement estimation in microsensor motion capture. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 60 (7) : 2052-2063. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel hierarchical information fusion algorithm to obtain human global displacement for different gait patterns, including walking, running, and hopping based on seven body-worn inertial and magnetic measurement units. In the first-level sensor fusion, the orientation for each segment is achieved by a complementary Kalman filter (CKF) which compensates for the orientation error of the inertial navigation system solution through its error state vector. For each foot segment, the displacement is also estimated by the CKF, and zero velocity update is included for the drift reduction in foot displacement estimation. Based on the segment orientations and left/right foot locations, two global displacement estimates can be acquired from left/right lower limb separately using a linked biomechanical model. In the second-level geometric fusion, another Kalman filter is deployed to compensate for the difference between the two estimates from the sensor fusion and get more accurate overall global displacement estimation. The updated global displacement will be transmitted to left/right foot based on the human lower biomechanical model to restrict the drifts in both feet displacements. The experimental results have shown that our proposed method can accurately estimate human locomotion for the three different gait patterns with regard to the optical motion tracker. © 1964-2012 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
ISSN: 00189294
DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2248085
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