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Title: Creation of "dark-soliton" atoms
Authors: Martinez, J.C. 
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Citation: Martinez, J.C. (2011-10). Creation of "dark-soliton" atoms. EPL 96 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Dark solitons are thought to always repel so that bound states of dark solitons do not form. We show that quantum fluctuations of the background induce attractive forces between dark optical solitons. We clarify the nature of these fluctuations. Together with the repulsive potential, this attractive force creates a potential similar to that in a diatomic molecule which allows for the formation of bound pairs of dark solitons. Such pairs can be useful in the creation of notch arrays and crystal-like structures. © 2011 Europhysics Letters Association.
Source Title: EPL
ISSN: 02955075
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/96/14007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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