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dc.titleCharge fractionalization in biased bilayer graphene
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, J.C.
dc.contributor.authorJalil, M.B.A.
dc.contributor.authorTan, S.G.
dc.identifier.citationMartinez, J.C., Jalil, M.B.A., Tan, S.G. (2012-08-22). Charge fractionalization in biased bilayer graphene. Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 24 (33) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractFractional charge may arise when fermionic zero modes exist in a topological background field. In biased bilayer graphene (BBLG), the bias plays the role of the nontrivial background field. When semi-infinite BBLG with a zigzag edge is used, the dynamics induces an odd number of zero-energy modes, which, together with the conjugation symmetry between positive-and negative-energy states, are the requisite conditions for fractionalization. Exploiting the trigonal interaction to isolate a given zero-energy mode on the zigzag edge, we consider extended and localized modes (the latter being obtained from a localized wavepacket generated by prior irradiation of the sample with an electromagnetic vortex). The valley degeneracy is lifted by a layer asymmetry, while an edge-induced spin polarization breaks the spin degeneracy. We describe scenarios for the detection of charge- edge states. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.
dc.contributor.departmentELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING
dc.description.sourcetitleJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
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