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Title: Proteomic analysis of rabbit tear fluid: Defensin levels after an experimental corneal wound are correlated to wound closure
Authors: Zhou, L.
Beuerman, R.W.
Huang, L. 
Barathi, A.
Yong, H.F.
Li, S.F.Y. 
Fook, T.C. 
Tan, D.
Keywords: Defensins
SELDI-TOF ProteinChip
Tear proteomics
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Citation: Zhou, L., Beuerman, R.W., Huang, L., Barathi, A., Yong, H.F., Li, S.F.Y., Fook, T.C., Tan, D. (2007-09). Proteomic analysis of rabbit tear fluid: Defensin levels after an experimental corneal wound are correlated to wound closure. Proteomics 7 (17) : 3194-3206. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The cornea is the major refracting optical element of the eye and therefore critical for forming a retinal image. The exposed surface of the eye is protected from pathogens by the innate immune system whose components include defensins, naturally occurring peptides with antimicrobial properties, and the physical barrier formed by the outer epithelial layer of the cornea. The proteomic approach has revealed that tear levels of defensins are correlated with the course of healing of an experimental corneal wound. Tears were collected from New Zealand White rabbits prior to (day 0) and daily for 5 days (days 1-5) following a standard unilateral 6 mm diameter corneal epithelial abrasion. Tear protein profiles obtained from wounded and contra-lateral control eyes were compared using SELDI ProteinChip technology. Peptides and proteins of interest were purified by RP-HPLC and characterized by nanoESI-MS/MS. Mass spectra of tears on post-wound day 1, revealed 13 peaks whose level decreased and five that increased. During wound healing the tear protein profile correlated with wound closure. An important finding was that the levels of rabbit defensins (NP-1 and NP-2), which were elevated after wounding returned to normal levels by the time the corneal abrasion healed. Relative quantification of NP-2 in tear fluid prior to (day 0) and after corneal wounding (days 1-3) was determined using iTRAQ technology. A corneal wound eliminates the barrier function of innate immunity and puts the cornea at risk from microbial attack until the epithelial cells restore the surface barrier. The increased availability of defensins in the tears during healing suggests that these peptides could protect the cornea from microbial attack during a period of increased vulnerability. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Source Title: Proteomics
ISSN: 16159853
DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200700137
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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