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Title: Influence of curing lights and modes on cross-link density of dental composites
Authors: Yap, A.U.J. 
Soh, M.S.
Han, V.T.S.
Siow, K.S. 
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Citation: Yap, A.U.J.,Soh, M.S.,Han, V.T.S.,Siow, K.S. (2004-07). Influence of curing lights and modes on cross-link density of dental composites. Operative Dentistry 29 (4) : 410-415. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study investigated the influence of curing lights and modes on the cross-link density of dental composites. Four LED/halogen curing lights (LED-Elipar Freelight [FL], 3M-ESPE and GC e-light [EL], GC; high intensity halogen-Elipar Trilight [TL], 3M-ESPE; very high intensity halogen-Astralis 10 [AS], Ivoclar Vivadent) were selected for this study. Pulse (EL1), continuous (FL1, EL2, TL1), turbo (EL3, AS) and soft-start (FL2, EL4, TL2) curing modes of the various lights were examined. A conventional, continuous cure halogen light (Max [MX], Dentsply-Caulk) was used for comparison. Six composite (Z100, 3M-ESPE) specimens were made for each light-curing mode combination. After polymerization, the specimens were stored in air at 37°C for 24 hours and subjected to hardness testing using a digital microhardness tester (load=500g; dwell time=15 seconds). The specimens were then placed in 75% ethanol-water solution at 37°C for 24 hours and post-conditioning hardness was determined. Mean hardness (HK)/change in hardness (ΔHK) was computed and the data subjected to analysis using one-way ANOVA/Scheffe's test and Independent Samples t-test (p<0.05). Softening upon storage in ethanol (ΔHK) was used as a relative indication of cross-link density. Specimens polymerized with AS, TL2 and all modes of both LED lights were significantly more susceptible to softening in ethanol than specimens cured with MX. No significant difference in cross-link density was observed among the various modes of EL and FL. For TL, curing with continuous mode resulted in specimens with significantly higher cross-link density than curing with the soft-start mode.
Source Title: Operative Dentistry
ISSN: 03617734
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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